Affirmative action came under attack at the U.S. Supreme Court as Chief Justice John Roberts took the lead in questioning whether universities should continue to give special preference to racial minorities.
Universities may be forced to roll back affirmative action programs that date to the 1960s, as the U.S. Supreme Court’s Republican-appointed majority weighs how far to limit the use of racial preferences in admissions.
In May 2008, a unit of Koch Industries Inc., one of the world’s largest privately held companies, sent Ludmila Egorova-Farines, its newly hired compliance officer and ethics manager, to investigate the management of a subsidiary in Arles in southern France. In less than a week, she discovered that the company had paid bribes to win contracts.
The U.S. Supreme Court expanded its scrutiny of affirmative action in higher education, agreeing to review a Michigan law that would bar public universities from considering race or gender as an admissions factor.
The insider-trading indictment of ex-SAC Capital Advisors LP portfolio manager Mathew Martoma sets in motion a criminal trial process that puts new pressure on him to cooperate with the government’s investigation of the hedge- fund firm founded by billionaire Steven A. Cohen.