Andreas Spindler was well-served by Austria’s apprentice program, from which he graduated a decade ago. The skills he gained kept him employed steadily as a sous- chef in Vienna’s finest eateries, including Cafe Central, the coffee house once favored by Sigmund Freud.
The famous folks frequenting the Vienna cafe in 1910 reads like the Who’s Who of a Tom Stoppard play: Gustav Mahler and his wife, Alma; young Ludwig Wittgenstein; younger Josef Stalin and, doling out sage advice, homburg-topped, cigar-smoking Sigmund Freud.
America has three indigenous art forms: jazz, baseball, and outrageously effective marketing stunts. The self-proclaimed father of public relations, Edward Bernays, was Austrian by birth (he was Sigmund Freud's nephew), but his genius blossomed in New York City in 1929 when he made smoking fashionable for women by marching models down Fifth Avenue waving their "torches of liberty."
America has long channeled the spirit of its industrious, fertile Pilgrim forebears by working long hours and having many children. Yet since 2006, the number of adult Americans who have never married has risen by more than 5 million. And since 2007, the number of employed Americans has fallen by 7 million. Is the economic slump turning America into Europe?