The comet-chasing Rosetta spacecraft sent its first signal back to Earth after a 31-month hibernation on its decade-long mission into deep space.
The first map of the universe in its infancy showed the seeds of the stars and galaxies of today and previously unobserved anomalies, astronomers said.
The U.K. is aiming to broker a deal between the U.S. and China to support a multinational manned mission to Mars, according to Science Minister David Willetts.
The European Space Agency agreed to buy 20 Soyuz rockets from Russia, Interfax reported, citing Jean-Jacques Dordain, head of the Paris-based agency.
Astronomers who announced in March that they had detected the first direct evidence of the Big Bang that formed the universe, said that their observations may have been clouded by cosmic dust.
The twin punch of a meteor raining destruction on remote Russia and an asteroid hurtling past Earth prompted calls from scientists and political leaders for greater vigilance to combat risks from the heavens.